Hanoi Museums

Top museums Hanoi, Hanoi top museums to visit including Vietnam history museum, Ho Chi Minh museum, Vietnam women museum, ethnology museum, fine arts museum.

Vietnam Military History Museum

Vietnam Military History Museum is located at No. 28A Dien Bien Phu Street, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi. Vietnam Military History Museum was formerly the French expeditionary barracks and covers 10,000m² divided into 30 showrooms. It was founded on December 22nd, 1958.

Vietnam Military History Museum Opening Hours:  
  • Morning: From 8:00 to 11:30
  • Afternoon: 13:30 to 16:00
The content of the museum covers 6 periods:
  1. The history of the Vietnamese nation and the birth of the Viet Nam People's Army.
  2. The Vietnamese struggle against French colonialism.
  3. The Vietnamese struggle against American imperialists.
  4. The Viet Nam People's Army on the path to a regular modern army.
  5. The People and the Army are oneness - they will be invincible.
  6. Piece of weaponry displayed in the museum courtyard (airplanes, tanks, heavy artilleries, rockets, mortars, bombs, etc.
The Military History Museum is the concentrated embodiment of the spirit of the Vietnamese people. Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom. 

Ho Chi Minh Museum

Ho Chi Minh Museum is located at 3 Ngoc Ha Street, Ba Dinh District, Ha Noi; near Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum. The museum is a four-story building covering a total area of 100ha and designed in the shape of a lotus flower as a symbol of President Ho's noble character.

Ho Chi Minh Museum opening hours:
 From 8:00 to 11:00 and from 13:30 to 16:30 daily except Monday and Friday.

This museum was completed on 9 May 1990 for the 100th anniversary of President Ho Chi Minh's birthday.

The main showroom displays 117,274 documents, articles, pictures and exhibits illustrating the historical events that took place during President Ho Chi Minh's life, as well as important events that occurred in the rest of the world since the end of the 19th

The museum contains other rooms such as a library, a large hall, meeting rooms and research rooms.

Since its opening, the museum has welcomed millions of domestic and foreign visitors. It is open from 8 am to 11 am and 1.30pm to 4.30 pm daily except Monday and Friday. Photography is forbidden. Cameras and bags must be left at the reception.

Vietnam Ethnology Museum

The Museum of Vietnamese Ethnology is situated on the way from Noi Bai Airport to Hanoi Old Quarter. The museum was established in 1995 in partnership with the Musée de l'Homme in Paris and opened for the public in 1997. It spans an airy and spacious area of 3.27 acre in Cau Giay district. It is one of the most fascinating museums in Hanoi with colorful exhibits of 54 ethnic cultures in Vietnam.

The Vietnam ethnology museum is in itself an interesting artwork. Its exhibition building was designed as a Dong Son drum by Ha Duc Linh, a Vietnamese architect coming from the Tay ethnic group. Its interior design was completed by the French architect Veronique Dollfus.

There are two main parts: indoor and outdoor exhibits with several linking pathways. The first is reserved for the display of artifacts, mainly antiquities and daily used items. In terms of functions, there are rich collections of costumes, jewelry, musical instruments, household utensils and agricultural tools. Artifacts associated to their particular religious rituals and beliefs as well as their funeral and wedding ceremonies are also preserved here.

The outdoor exhibits highlight different types of ethnic people’s dwellings. There are Ede long house, Tay stilt house, Hmong house with roof made by Pomu wood, Viet house with tile roof and Cham traditional house. The surroundings are graced with zigzag paths, small bridges and a little stream.

The Vietnam Ethnology Museum is an ideal place for Vietnamese couples to take wedding photographs. It is listed on the top of must-see attractions in Hanoi, an ideal place to learn about the 54 different ethnic tribes of Vietnam.

Vietnam History Museum

Located in the heart of Hanoi, the National Museum of Vietnamese History is one of the most fascinating museums all over Vietnam.

The Vietnam History Museum is housed in an old building of French colonial rule. Built in 1926 and completed in 1932, the building then served as the Far East Research Institute (Ecole Française d’Extreme-Orient). In 1958, it was taken over by Vietnam Government and turned into the Vietnamese History Museum, officially opened on 3 September that year.

The museum was designed by the French architect Ernest Hébrard. Its gorgeous architecture represents a successful blend of traditional Vietnamese palaces and French villas. Its ochre color, double walls and balconies describes the elegant charm of many colonial buildings remaining in Hanoi.

The museum vividly depicts almost all chapters in Vietnamese history from the prehistory (around 300,000 years ago) to the August Revolution in 1945. It covers a spacious area of over 2,200 m2 with nearly a hundred thousand of artifacts on display. Specifically, there are rich collections of rare and valuable ceramics and tools belonging to the ancient cultures of Hoa Binh- Bac Son and Dong Son. The museum also houses more than 50 sets of Champa stone sculptures, an abundance of Vietnamese bronze items and some thrones of the old dynasties. Over the past few years, it has been frequently supplemented with newly discovered items from Central and South Vietnam, notably from a shipwreck near Cu Lao Cham Island. The museum has also actively taken part in the exchange and cooperation with other museums in Asia and Europe.

Vietnam Fine Arts Museum

Vietnam Fine-Arts Museum is located at 66 Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, Ba Dinh District, Ha Noi. Viet Nam Fine-Arts Museum is a lively historical treasure depicting the origins and evolution of Vietnamese fine arts.

Vietnam fine arts museum opening hours:
  • 8:30 - 17:00; all days; except Mon.
  • 8:30 - 21:00 on Wed and Sat.
Contact for guided visit: Vietnamese, English and French.

In June 1966, house No. 66 on Nguyen Thai Hoc Street in Ba Dinh District was transformed into the Viet Nam Fine Arts Museum. Two-storey building displays the art works.

The exhibition system is divided into 5 parts:
  1. Fine arts of Prehistory: Consist of the objects from the Bronze Age and Iron Age.
  2. Ancient fine arts from the 11th to the 19th centuries: Consists of the objects of Ly, Tran, Le, Mac, Tay Son, and Nguyen Dynasties.
  3. Fine arts in the 20th century: Contemplate times fine arts (1925-1945) and modern fine arts (1945 up to now).
  4. Folk painting.
  5. Traditional pottery and ceramics
It is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 8 to 11.30am and 1.30 to 4.30pm.

Vietnam Women Museum

Vietnam Women's Museum is located in the centre of Ha Noi on Ly Thuong Kiet St, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi. The Viet Nam Women's Museum covers a 4,500m² area planted with beautiful trees. It was open on the 20th October 1995 on the 65th anniversary of the Vietnamese Women's Association's establishment.

Documents and objects are displayed and carefully preserved and maintained in this place, expressing the role of women in the process of the development of the Vietnamese nation. The museum is also a place for cultural exchange for Vietnamese and international women with the goal of creating equality, development, and peace. The exhibits are displayed on an area of 1,200m² on two-storey building.

The Vietnamese women museum organized around five main themes:
  1. Vietnamese women in Vietnamese community.
  2. The involvement of Vietnamese women in the fight for national independence and national construction.
  3. The Vietnamese Women's Association and its struggle to liberate women.
  4. The culture of Vietnamese women expresses through traditional handicraft products.
  5. Women costumes of the 54 Vietnamese ethnic groups.
The museum is open daily except Monday, from 8 am to 4 pm.

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