Ha Noi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Viet Nam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc provines to the north, Ha Nam and Hoa Binh provinces to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho provinces to the west.
Ha Noi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi: interior). Ha Noi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Ha Noi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.
The History of Hanoi
Ha Noi is the ancient capital of Vietnam with a thousand year old history. Hanoi used to be called Thang Long, literally the “Rising Dragon” City. The myth was that in 1010, King Ly Cong Uan while visiting this land saw a dragon flying into the sky. The King took this as an omen that the area was suitable to settle the capital for his reign. This was also a flourishing period of Vietnamese Buddhism with many temples and pagodas constructed. The city was then renamed Tay Do (Western Capital) in 1400, Dong Kinh (Eastern Capital) then Hanoi (literally “inside the river”) in 1831 when the Nguyen dynasty moved capital to Hue.
Hanoi was given back its former status during the French Rule from 1887 to 1954. In 1902, Hanoi was crown the capital of Indochina colony. The French brought with them French cuisine and French architecture with gorgeous ochre buildings. Regretfully, half of these buildings were demolished when the French left. The city was evacuated many times during Vietnam-American War and after a turbulent time, Hanoi continued to be the capital of Vietnam until now.
Hanoi What to See
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Ha Noi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Ha Noi Citadel, Ha Noi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
Ha Noi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Ha Noi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Ha Noi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk...
Hanoi Bike Tour
Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam offers a wide selection of both day bike tours and short cycling excursions. The most popular Hanoi bike tours are the half-day and one-day trips are arranged in Hanoi city and its surrounding countryside area.
The guests will be picked up at their hotel lobby in Hanoi and transferred to the place where they begin the ride. After the trip, they will be transferred back to their hotel where the trip ends. It is possible for the guests to start the ride from their hotel. If they start pedaling from their hotel in Hanoi city center, they should be familiar with bicycle riding in the city. Since the traffic in Hanoi is very busy, especially during the rush hour. Sites to be included in the day trip are the Ho Chi Minh complex, the temple of literature, the Tran Quoc pagoda and the ethnic museum.
For those who travel with their children, booking a Hanoi countryside cycle trip may be a better choice. A vehicle will be used for transfers and support. The bicycle ride will be only arranged in the area where the traffic is safe. The most popular Hanoi countryside cycle trips are one day cycle to But Thap pagoda and Dong Ho village, a day trip to Duong Lam ancient village, a day trip to Tay Phuong pagoda and Thay pagoda. The day trip to Tam Coc or “Halong bay inland” is also provided with two or three hour riding through countryside villages.
The bikes that will be used for these trips are classic road bike, push bikes and mountain bikes. If you just look for fun and easy cycle, then one or two hour cycling will be fine. In this case the one speed push bikes will be recommended. If you look for more active bike trips, then you should ask for a good mountain bikes. The riding will be longer and the local trip guide will take you to more places while riding.
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